Beschreibung: Albert Michler Distillery Int. Ltd., 44 Upper Belgrave Road, Bristol, UK, ist zumindest eine ungewöhnliche Adresse für einen Austrian Navy Rum. Die österreichische Marine war die Gesamtheit der Seestreitkräfte Österreich-Ungarns. Daneben bestand die österreichische Handelsmarine. Die Marine hatte ihren Ursprung in der seit dem Jahrhundert existierenden Donauflottille und der ab Ende. Zrinyi (November von der US Navy außerhalb der 3-Meilen-Zone an Italien übergeben, bzw. abgewrackt); Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand (
Austrian Empire Navy RumDie Geschichte von Austrian Empire Navy reicht bis ins Jahrhundert zurück, als die Albert Michler Distillery gegründet wurde. Das. Die Blends dieses Kleinods aus Barbados erlangen ihre Reife in Fässern aus amerikanischer und französischer Eiche. Ein kostbarer Tropfen der. Die österreichische Marine war die Gesamtheit der Seestreitkräfte Österreich-Ungarns. Daneben bestand die österreichische Handelsmarine. Die Marine hatte ihren Ursprung in der seit dem Jahrhundert existierenden Donauflottille und der ab Ende.
Austrian Navy Fostering the Discussion on Securing the Seas. VideoBattleships of Austria-Hungary - ( Schlachtschiffe von Österreich-Ungarn )
Ferdinand Max immediately went to work expanding the Austrian Navy. Fears of over-dependence upon foreign shipyards to supply Austrian warships enabled him to convince his brother to authorize the construction of a new drydock at Pola , and the expansion of existing shipyards in Trieste.
Furthermore, Ferdinand Max initiated an ambitious construction program in the ports of Pola, Trieste, and Venice, the largest the Adriatic had seen since the Napoleonic Wars.
While it had been used as a base for the Navy during the Revolutions of , the small dockyards and port facilities, coupled with surrounding swampland had hindered its development.
In addition to Pola's new drydock, Ferdinand Max had the swamps drained and constructed a new arsenal for the city.
By , a screw-powered ship-of-the-line was under construction in Pola after failed bids to construct the ship with British and American shipbuilding firms,  while two screw-frigates and two screw-corvettes were being built in Trieste and Venice respectively.
Ferdinand Max followed up on this progress however by purchasing the steam frigate Radetzky from the United Kingdom in Her design was used for the construction of future ships of the Navy, and marked the beginning of Austria's modern shipbuilding industry.
From onward, a majority of Austria's ships were constructed by domestic shipyards. She was commissioned into the Austrian Navy in after being constructed at the newly built Pola Navy Yard between and As a result of these construction projects, the Austrian Navy grew to its largest size since the War of Austrian Succession over years prior.
Despite these efforts however, the Navy was still considerably smaller than its French, British, or Sardinian counterparts.
Indeed, the French Navy's technological and numerical edge proved to be decisive in driving the Austrian Navy to port shortly after the outbreak of the Second War of Italian Independence.
In response to Austria's quick defeat during the Second War of Italian Independence, Ferdinand Max proposed an even larger naval construction program than the one he had initiated upon his appointment as Oberkommandant.
This fleet would be large enough not only to show the Austrian flag around the world, but also to protect its merchant marine as well as thwart any Adriatic ambitions from the growing Kingdom of Sardinia.
However, constitutional reforms enacted in Austria after the defeat, as well as the recent introduction of ironclads into the navies of the world, made the proposal more expensive than he had initially intended.
He quickly toppled the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies , the largest state in the region in a matter of months.
With the unification of Italy , the various navies of the former Italian states were merged into a single military force, named the Regia Marina Royal Navy.
Following up on these ships, Italy launched a substantial program to bolster the strength of the Regia Marina. The Italians believed that building a strong navy would play a crucial role in making the recently unified kingdom a Great Power.
This arms race between the two nations continued for the rest of Ferdinand Max's tenure as Oberkommandant. The journey lasted 2 years and 3 months and was accomplished under the command of Kommodore Bernhard von Wüllerstorf-Urbair , with officers and crew, and 7 scientists aboard.
The expedition was planned by the Imperial Academy of Sciences in Vienna and aimed to gain new knowledge in the disciplines of astronomy , botany , zoology , geology , oceanography and hydrography.
At that time, The duchies were part of the Kingdom of Denmark. It was also the last significant naval action fought by squadrons of wooden ships and the last significant naval action involving Denmark.
The battle pitted Austrian naval forces against the naval forces of the newly created Kingdom of Italy. It was a decisive victory for an outnumbered Austrian over a superior Italian force, and was the first major European sea battle involving ships using iron and steam, and one of the last to involve large wooden battleships and deliberate ramming.
In Emperor Franz Joseph travelled on board the screw-driven corvette SMS Viribus Unitis not to be confused with the later battleship of the same name to the opening of the Suez Canal.
The ship had been named after his personal motto. Austro-Hungarian ships and naval personnel were also involved in Arctic exploration, discovering Franz Josef Land during an expedition which lasted from to At the end of August she got locked in pack-ice north of Novaya Zemlya and drifted to hitherto unknown polar regions.
It was on this drift when the explorers discovered an archipelago which they named after Emperor Franz Joseph I. In May Payer decided to abandon the ice-locked ship and try to return by sledges and boats.
On 14 August the expedition reached the open sea and on 3 September finally set foot on Russian mainland. In late a rebellion broke out on Crete , and on 21 January a Greek army landed in Crete to liberate the island from the Ottoman Empire and unite it with Greece.
The European powers, including Austria-Hungary , intervened, and proclaimed Crete an international protectorate. Warships of the k. Kriegsmarine patrolled the waters off Crete in blockade of Ottoman naval forces.
Crete remained in an anomalous position until finally ceded to Greece in In June they helped hold the Tianjin railway against Boxer forces, and also fired upon several armed junks on the Hai River near Tong-Tcheou.
They also took part in the seizure of the Taku Forts commanding the approaches to Tianjin, and the boarding and capture of four Chinese destroyers by Capt.
In all k. After the uprising a cruiser was maintained permanently on the China station, and a detachment of marines was deployed at the embassy in Peking.
Germany enhanced her naval infrastructure, building new dry docks , and enlarging the Kiel Canal to enable larger vessels to navigate it.
However, that was not the only European naval arms race. Imperial Russia too had commenced building a new modern navy  following their naval defeat in the Russo-Japanese War.
Kriegsmarine had another prominent supporter at that time in the face of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand. Like other imperial naval enthusiasts before him, Franz Ferdinand had a keen private interest in the fleet and was an energetic campaigner for naval matters.
The Marine budget for was substantially enlarged to permit major refits of the existing fleet and more dreadnoughts. These battleships, constructed later than many of the earlier British and German dreadnoughts, were considerably ahead in some aspects of design, especially of both the French and Italian navies, and were constructed with Marconi wireless rooms as well as anti-aircraft armaments.
It has been claimed they were the first battleships in the world equipped with torpedo launchers built into their bows. Between 22 and 28 May Tegetthoff , accompanied by Viribus Unitis , made a courtesy visit to the British Mediterranean fleet in Malta.
In , after allowing the navies of other countries to pioneer submarine developments, the Austro-Hungarian Navy ordered the Austrian Naval Technical Committee MTK to produce a submarine design.
The January design developed by the MTK and other designs submitted by the public as part of a design competition were all rejected by the Navy as impracticable.
They instead opted to order two submarines each of designs by Simon Lake , Germaniawerft , and John Philip Holland for a competitive evaluation.
The two Germaniawerft submarines comprised the U-3 class. The U-3 -class was an improved version of Germaniawerft's design for the Imperial German Navy 's first U-boat, U-1 ,  and featured a double hull with internal saddle tanks.
The Germaniawerft engineers refined the design's hull shape through extensive model trials. U-3 and U-4 were both laid down on 12 March at Germaniawerft in Kiel and were launched in August and November , respectively.
The U-5 -class boats had a single- hulled design with a teardrop shape that bore a strong resemblance to modern nuclear submarines.
During the First World War , the navy saw some action, but prior to the Italian entry spent much of its time in its major naval base at Pola, except for small skirmishes.
Following the Italian declaration of war the mere fact of its existence tied up the Italian Navy and the French Navy in the Mediterranean for the duration of the war.
Following the declaration of war in August the French and Montenegrin forces attempted to cause havoc at Cattaro , KuK Kriegsmarine's southernmost base in the Adriatic.
Main targets were the cities of Ancona , Rimini , Vieste , Manfredonia , Barletta and bridges and railway tracks along the coast.
Until the Austro-Hungarian fleet was as yet largely undamaged. The presence of three Allied navies in the Mediterranean made any measures of their co-ordination and common doctrine extraordinarily difficult.
The Mediterranean was divided into eleven zones, of which the British naval authorities were responsible for four, the French for four, and the Italians for three.
Differing command structures, national pride and the language barrier all contributed to a lack of cohesion in the application of Allied sea power, producing a situation in which German and Austro-Hungarian U-boat attacks on shipping flourished.
In December a k. Kriegsmarine cruiser squadron attempted to make a raid on the Serbian troops evacuating Albania.
After sinking a French submarine and bombarding the town of Durazzo the squadron ran into a minefield, sinking one destroyer and damaging another.
The next day the group ran into a squadron of British , French , and Italian cruisers and destroyers. The resulting battle left two Austro-Hungarians destroyers sunk and inflicted light damage upon another, while dealing only minor damage to the Allied cruisers and destoyers present.
A three-power conference on 28 April , at Corfu , discussed a more offensive strategy in the Adriatic, but the Italians were not prepared to consider any big ship operations, considering the size of the Austro-Hungarian fleet.
The British and French seemed reluctant to move alone against the Austro-Hungarians, especially if it meant a full-scale battle.
But the Austrians were not inactive either, and even as the Allied conference was in session they were planning an offensive operation against the Otranto Barrage.
Throughout the Adriatic remained the key to the U-boat war on shipping in the Mediterranean. Cattaro, some miles above the narrow Straits of Otranto, was the main U-boat base from which almost the entire threat to Mediterranean shipping came.
Koburger, pg Bridge, F. Bush, John W. Koburger, Charles W. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.
Shepherd, During the Franco-Austrian War of , the French fleet sailed into the Adriatic and dominated the sea.
Wikimedia Commons While the bulk of the Mediterranean submarine patrols were performed by the German Navy because their submarines were bigger and had more endurance , the Germans had loaned three of their larger submarines to the Austrian Navy.
References 1. Sondhaus, Sokol, pg Bibliography Bridge, F. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Fostering the Discussion on Securing the Seas.
W orld War 1 at Sea. The initially small Austrian submarine force was unable to play a role outside the Adriatic, and by early the Germans were sending U-boats into the Mediterranean, in part to attack the Allied fleet off the Dardanelles.
As Italy had declared war on Austro-Hungary but not Germany, the German boats operated under the Austrian ensign and were temporarily commissioned into the Austrian Navy.
Although the Austrian submarine fleet did not grow to large numbers it had an impressive record - damaging French dreadnought 'Jean Bart', and sinking:.
Submarines - French 'Circe', Italian 'Nereide'. Key to Austrian titles. August Strength. Wartime additions. Key to Main Characteristics.
Tonnage - standard displacement; Speed - designed speed at standard displacement, rarely attained in service; Main armament - sometimes changed as the war progressed; secondary armament usually changed; Complement - normal peace time.
Exceeded in war with consequent reduction in living space and higher battle casualties; Year - year or years class completed and normally entered service.
Only includes ships completed up to war's end; Loss Positions - estimated from location unless available from reliable sources; Casualties - totals of men lost, or survivors plus saved, will often exceed peacetime complements.
Austrian torpedo and gun calibres in inches:. Torpedoes: Guns: August Strength 3. In August , the three completed 'Tegetthof' dreadnoughts and three 'Radetzky' pre-Dreadnoughts formed the First Battle Squadron, spending most of the war as a fleet-in-being.
With the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the state of Yugoslavia was formed by the southern Slavs and declared on the side of the Allies.
Apparently ignoring the new political situation, the Italians went ahead with a planned attack on Pola. Early in the morning of the 1st November and with few defensive precautions now being taken, two Italian frogmen, Maj of Naval Engineers Raffaele Rossetti and Doctor Lt Raffaele Paolucci, slipped into the naval base and attached mines to the dreadnought and liner 'Wien'.
Both ships sank, 'Viribus Unitis' capsizing and going down around dawn. They built but also modernized most of the units after The few ships built in which not has been demolished served in various capacities in the fleet in Thus, the Herzerzog Ferdinand Max, heroic veteran of the Battle of Lissa, long served as a coastguard, and despite being struck off the lists in , it was still registered active in Pola.
The Kronprinzessin Erzerzogin Stefanie and Konprinz Herzerzog Rudolf and were used as school pontoons and opportunely resumed service as coastguard ironclads in SMS Radetzky.
Overall because of too modest budgets and the lack of ambitious plans, the Austro-Hungarian fleet was aging and in consisted of virtually obsolete ships.
The most recent dated back to The new ships initiated by the plan were the pre-dreadnoughts Radetzky of the class, Tegetthoff class, Admiral Spaun cruiser class, Tatra class destroyers and Torpedo Boats of the TB74 and 82 classes.
War shipbuilding was limited to two light cruisers, four destroyers, nineteen destroyers, and nineteen U-Bootes.
Here is a list of the ship that will be covered: -Dreadnoughts: Tegetthoff class. U10 class. Austro-Hungarian Submarines The Austrians built German submersible designs, either under license or pre-assembled and delivered for completion by rail.
Austria-Hungary also received as reinforcements sixty German U-boats, operating under the Austrian flag but with a German crew. They obtained some successes.
Eventually, the Austro-Hungarians also managed to capture and reuse the French submarine Curie, which was found entangled in the net blocking the harbor of Pola.
It was renamed U Late major shipbuilding projects included the four new Dreadnoughts of the Tegetthoff class , displacing 24 tons and armed with 10 x mm cannons.
Started in , they had been scheduled for launch in and for completion in ; Three light cruisers of the Zenta class of improved Admiral Spaun, were put on hold in ; four destroyers Ersatz Tatra, also put on keel in ; four oceanic submersibles like the U48, U50, four Type U52, eight Type U, and thirty-four U, identical to the UD type built in Germany.
Most were started but abandoned at different stages. Germany also sent 6 type LM by rail, but none managed to reach Pola before the end of the war.
Cannons of the SMS Tegetthoff. The light cruiser Admiral Spaun was laid down in Pola in May in the light of the new naval plan, which specified in addition to the Tegetthoff class battleships , 8 scout cruisers.
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Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. Insignia of the Bundesheer. Rossauer Barracks , Vienna. President Van der Bellen.
Steyr Mannlicher Glock Ges. Military history of Austria Austro-Hungarian Army. Ranks of the Austrian Bundesheer.The Austro-Hungarian Navy can easily find its origin in the will of Emperor Franz Joseph 1, ascended the throne in , to strengthen the Nordic influences in his navy, so far influenced by the Italian shipbuilding (in particular Trieste). Rear Admiral Von Dahlerup, a Danish formed the Columbia school, was appointed Chief of Staff of the Navy. Austrian Empire Navy Rum is produced in small Austrian Empire Navy Rum Reserva is produced in smallbatches, using matured Rum from a wide range of hand-selected barrels. Aged in American and French oak barrels, this contemporary gem is an elegant medium-bodied Barbados Rum, voluptuous and exquisite with an exceptional bouquet. Apart from one major fleet sortie on the declaration of war between Austria and Italy on the 23rd May , and an aborted one in June when dreadnought 'Szent Istvan' was lost, the Austrian heavy ships spent the entire war as a fleet-in-being within the Adriatic Sea, holding down a large portion of the Italian and French battle fleets as well as units of the Royal Navy. Whenever somebody mentions Austria ́s naval history one will most likely hear one of the following standard reactions: Yes, of course, I know, Austria’s famous mountain navy; probably a few ships. Austria, a landlocked country, has no navy; from to however the Austrian army operated a naval squadron of patrol boats on the River Danube. That duty has been assumed by the Bundespolizei (Federal Police).